Massachusetts state quick facts
|Nickname||The Bay State|
British colonist John Smith named Massachusetts for the Massachusett tribe, an indigenous people who lived in the area for hundreds of years before the arrival of the Europeans, The name meant “near the great hill” in the tribe's language, probably referring to the 'Great Blue Hill' in the southwest of Boston
How did Massachusetts get its name?
The first subway system in the United States was established in Boston in 1897. The route took under 4 minutes to travel one-way.
First subway system
Facts about Massachusetts
Established in New Towne (now called Cambridge) in 1636 by vote of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Harvard University was the first institution of higher education in the United States. It was initially called "New College", but later renamed Harvard College after deceased clergyman John Harvard, who had left the school £779 and his library of about 400 books.
The oldest public park in the United States of America, Boston Common was purchased by its citizens in 1634 for 30 Pounds and officially set aside as public or "common" land by a vote in 1640. The park's original purpose was for military training grounds and a place for grazing cattle.
Oldest public park
Facts about Massachusetts state
The first lighthouse in America was the Boston Light, built in 1716 at Boston Harbor.
Dr. James Naismith, a physical education teacher at the International YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts invented the game of Basket Ball (now called basketball) in December 1891 as a way to occupy his students indoors during the cold winter months. The first game was played with a soccer ball and a peach basket attached to the wall 10 feet above the floor
Birth of basketball
Agawam, Massachusetts received the first Zip Code in the United States. Agawam's ZIP code of 01001 is the lowest number in the continental United States (not counting codes used for specific government buildings such as the IRS)
The first telephone call in history was made between inventor Alexander Graham Bell and his assistant, Thomas Watson, on March 10, 1876, in Boston, Massachusetts. Bell spoke the words “Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you” into the device and Watson heard the message from the receiver in the next room.
Birth of telephone
The first public school system in the United States was founded in Boston in 1635 and Boston Latin was the first public school in the United States. The Mather School in Dorchester, Massachusetts was founded in 1639 as the first public elementary school.
First public school system
The first transatlantic wireless message originating from the United States took place in Wellfleet, Massachusetts, on January 18, 1903. Inventor Guglielmo Marconi transmitted a message from President Theodore Roosevelt to England’s King Edward VII using Morse code.
After a harsh winter that claimed the lives of half of the Mayflower’s original immigrants from England in 1620, the Pilgrims were taught to plant corn and survive in the wilderness by Native American Indians. In November of the following year, the Pilgrims organized a harvest feast in Plymouth to celebrate their new crop — an event widely regarded as America’s “first Thanksgiving.”
On February 9, 1895, in Holyoke, Massachusetts (USA), William G. Morgan, a YMCA physical education director, created a new game called Mintonette (referencing its similarity to badminton) as a less strenuous alternative to basketball (which was invented four years before in the nearby town, Springfield, Massachusetts) Alfred Halstead noticed the volleying nature of the game at its first exhibition match in 1896, played at the International YMCA Training School (now called Springfield College) and called it volley ball (now called volleyball)
Massachusetts state facts
John Chapman (popularly known as 'Johnny Appleseed') of Massachusetts was an American pioneer nurseryman who introduced apple trees to large parts of the Midwestern United States.
Boston Public Library is the second largest Public Library in the United States. Harvard University Library, also in Boston, is the third largest Library in the United States.